Designed by Sydney Camm, it represented the bridge between biplane and monoplane technology and was originally known as the ’Monoplane Fury’, after the Fury biplane fighter of 1931.
The type formed the backbone of RAF Fighter Command, with 18 squadrons in service when the Second World War began in September 1939.
Hurricanes saw action over France and the Low Countries before the Battle of Britain began in June 1940, during which they were to shoot down more enemy aircraft than all the other air and ground defences put together.
Later, it went on the offensive in Europe – as a night intruder and fighter bomber. Large numbers operated as night intruders and fighter bombers over Malta, the Western Desert, Burma, India and the Far East, excelling as fighters and ground attack aircraft.
All over the world the Hurricane earned a reputation for reliability and toughness.